It tries to solve two of the biggest mysteries of biology:
What makes a species what it is?
What causes variation within species?
Chromosome: extremely long and organized DNA molecules
Gene: Section of DNA which encodes for proteins related to a functiu It can replicate, mutate and generate form.
Genotype: genetic content of an organism, hereditary factors.
Phenotype: noticeable physical qualities of an organism, including morphology, phisiology and conduct.
Phenotype: It can change depending on the enviroment where the individual develops. There are three ways of producing a phenotype, depending on the influence of the environment.
Classical Genetics: gene transmission and localization in the chromosomes.
Molecular Genetics: gene structure and control of its expression
Evolution Genetics (population genetics): changes in gene frequencies within a population.
Genomics: genome analysis and interpretin.
Where are we going?
Discover of DNA sequencing methods (Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger)
Human Genome project (2001);
1000 human genomes project;
Genome analysis: bioinformatics;
so... hold on to your hats!!
- Can DNA sequences be copyrighted?
- Yes, they can.